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Youngho Chaa cha cha

Interview Questions - Database

interview, database1 min read


These are my revision notes for my job interviews. As a contractor, I have job interviews more often than a permanent employee. Writing down the revision notes does not imply that I am incapable of answering these questions naturally. During interviews, I naturally get nervous, and due to my introversion, I often struggle to clearly articulate what I already know and understand. I simply want to avoid those situations and prepare myself to present myself in the best possible way.

What are the differences between SQL and NoSQL databases? Explain how you've worked with both types in your projects.

SQL databases

  • Relational data model with predefined schemas
  • SQL for querying and managing data
  • strong consistency and ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) support
    • Atomicity: In a traction, either all of the pieces are committed or none are
    • Consistency: If any failure occurs, a transaction returns all data to the earlier state
    • Each transaction is isolated from any other
    • Durability: Committed data is saved and available after system restart
  • Scale vertically, requiring more powerful hardware

NoSQL databases

  • document-based, key-value, column-family, or graph-based. Flexible or dynamic schemas
  • query language or APIs
  • Eventual consistency and varying level of consistency. ACID trade-off
  • Horizontal scalability and distribute data across multiple nodes

What do foreign keys do

  • A field or key that references a primary key in another table
  • Maintain referential integrity by ensuring the relationship between two tables: You can’t add a record with non-existent primary key in the parent table
  • Used for navigation and joining tables

How does cascade on delete work in SQL

  • Automatically delete records from child tables when the corresponding records in the parent table are deleted
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