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Youngho Chaa cha cha

Integration Testing GraphQL Queries with Apollo Server

graphql, apollo, integration test2 min read

Integration testing is a crucial part of ensuring the reliability and stability of your application. When working with GraphQL, Apollo Server provides a convenient way to perform integration tests on your queries. In this blog post, we'll walk through the process of setting up and executing an integration test for a GraphQL query using Apollo Server's executeOperation function. For reference, you can consult this documentation on testing with Apollo Server:

Show me code!

Here's an example of how I wrote an integration test for a GraphQL query using Apollo Server:

import { ApolloServer } from '@apollo/server'
import typeDefs from '../../src/graphql/schema'
import resolvers from '../../src/graphql/resolvers'
import assert from 'assert'
const testServer = new ApolloServer({
describe('graphql users query', () => {
it('should fetch users for a specific company', async () => {
const response = await testServer.executeOperation({
query: `
query getUsers($companyId: String!) {
users(companyId: $companyId) {
variables: { companyId: 'CT01' },
assert(response.body.kind === 'single')

Using executeOperation for Testing:

The executeOperation function allows you to run operations through the request pipeline without sending an HTTP request. This simplifies the testing process and enables you to focus on the behaviour of your queries. In this example, we use Node's assert to narrow the type of body in our expect statements. To use assert, you'll need to import it like so:

import assert from 'assert'

Jest Configuration with Environment Variables:

In the backend repository code, I used an environment variable called run-env. So, if the variable is not populated, the repository code wouldn’t work. To incorporate this into our Jest setup, we can use dotenv/config as shown in the code snippet below:

module.exports = {
preset: 'ts-jest',
transform: {
'^.+\\.(ts|tsx)?$': 'ts-jest',
'^.+\\.(js|jsx)$': 'babel-jest',
setupFiles: ['dotenv/config'],

Testing your GraphQL queries is essential to ensure the reliability of your application. By using Apollo Server's executeOperation function and following the guidelines provided here, I hope you can effectively set up and execute integration tests for your GraphQL queries

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